Security Testing Techniques


Testing digital security
Security testing techniques

There are a variety of techniques that can be used for security testing. The most effective techniques will vary depending on the specific application and environment. However, some general techniques that can be used include the following:



Penetration testing


Penetration testing is the process of attempting to exploit vulnerabilities in a system in order to gain access to sensitive data or systems. Penetration testers use a variety of methods to attempt to exploit vulnerabilities, including manual testing and using automated tools.


There are many types of penetration tests, but the most common are:

  • Network penetration testing. This type of penetration test is designed to identify vulnerabilities in a company’s network infrastructure. The tester will attempt to exploit these vulnerabilities in order to gain access to sensitive data or systems.

  • Web application penetration testing. This type of penetration test is designed to identify vulnerabilities in a company’s web applications. The tester will attempt to exploit these vulnerabilities in order to gain access to sensitive data or systems.

  • Social engineering penetration testing. This type of penetration test is designed to identify vulnerabilities in a company’s employees. The tester will attempt to exploit these vulnerabilities in order to gain access to sensitive data or systems.



Vulnerability scanning


Vulnerability scanning is the process of scanning systems or networks for known vulnerabilities. Vulnerability scanners can be used to identify vulnerabilities in systems and applications, as well as to determine the severity of those vulnerabilities.


There are three main types of vulnerability scanning:

  1. External vulnerability scanning: This type of scanning is performed from outside the network perimeter. It is used to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited from the Internet. To get a quote from external vulnerability scanning experts at AI Web Security please visit our website www.aiwebsecurity.com

  2. Internal vulnerability scanning: This type of scanning is performed from within the network perimeter. It is used to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited from within the network.

  3. Network vulnerability scanning: This type of scanning is used to identify vulnerabilities that could be exploited from anywhere on the network.



Security auditing


Security auditing is the process of assessing the security of a system or network. Security auditors use a variety of methods to assess security, including reviewing system and application configurations, testing security controls, and performing vulnerability scans.


While Vulnerability scanning is a well-known type of security auditing, the most required type is Compliance auditing. It is used to ensure that an organization is compliant with specific regulations or standards. Compliance auditing can be used to check for compliance with a wide range of regulations, including the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX).



Security monitoring


Security monitoring is the process of monitoring systems and networks for security-related events. Security monitors use a variety of methods to collect security data, including using security sensors and tools, reviewing system logs, and performing manual reviews.


There are three main types of security monitoring:

  1. Intrusion detection. Intrusion detection monitors network traffic and system activity for signs of malicious or unauthorized activity. It can be used to detect attacks such as malware infections, port scans, and buffer overflows.

  2. Vulnerability scanning. Vulnerability scanning identifies vulnerabilities in systems and applications that could be exploited by attackers. It can be used to identify insecure configurations, missing patches, and unpatched vulnerabilities.

  3. Security event management. Security event management (SEM) collects and analyzes security-related data from a variety of sources, including firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and log files. It can be used to identify suspicious activity, track compliance with security policies, and investigate security incidents.


Perhaps the most important aspect of a company’s security is regular update of the company’s Security Policy. A security policy is a set of rules that govern how a computer system or network should be used to protect its resources from unauthorized access or use. Security policies are usually created by system administrators or security professionals and are designed to help protect the system from unauthorized access, theft, or damage.



What is the best scenario of testing the company's digital security?


There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to test a company's security will vary depending on the company's specific setup and security measures. However, some methods you may consider using include attempting to hack into the company's systems, scanning for vulnerabilities, and testing the company's response to a security breach with the above-mentioned approaches.